cultural perspectives on evolution in Greece (1880-1930s)
Authors / Contributors:
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Budapest : CEU Press, 2015
333 Seiten : Illustrationen
- Introduction: General reception of Darwinism in Greece - 1. Evolutionary theories. Darwinism - Lamarckism - Neo-Darwinism - New synthesis - Social implications of evolutionism - Darwinism in literature and criticism - The future of the race - 2. Darwin and modern Greek writers. "Dock" and "Voltaire" - Emmanuel Roidis - Kostis Palamas - Nikos Kazantzakis - Alexandros Papadiamantis - 3. Darwinian reflections : Children's guidance. Science and positivism - Heldreich and gradualism - The gender divide - Science and religion - Physiognomies and expressions - 4. A rereading of Rich and poor : it's in the eyes. Literary criticism, the "Note," and prologue - Physiognomy, expressions, and natural selection - The eyes - mirror of the soul? - 5. Metamorphoses of woman : dangerous fantasies. Xenopoulos' comments - Literary criticism on Tereza Varma-Dacosta - Transforming Tereza - Extinction - 6. New Woman biology, degeneration/regeneration, and The descent of man. The New Woman, degeneration/regeneration : the case for The three-sided woman - The night of degeneration - Epilogue - Addendum: The female sex's handbook.
- The book demonstrates that in the late 19th to early 20th centuries Darwinism and associated science strongly influenced celebrated Greek literary writers and other influential intellectuals in various areas such as 'man's place in nature', the nature-nurture controversy, religion, and class, race and gender. In addition, it reveals that many of these individuals were not just dealing with important issues from social, political or philosophical perspectives, as has been the general thought till now, but they were also considering alternative approaches to these issues based on Darwinian and associated biological post-Darwinian ideas. These issues included the Greek race/nation, culture, language and identity; politics and gender equality. There is a focus on the work of Grigorios Xenopoulos as a case study, who wrote prolifically through this period.